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Understanding The Different Grades Of Copper Scrap

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Copper is one of the most sought-after materials in the scrap metal recycling world. It is popular because you can recycle it an infinite number of times. Additionally, copper does not rust or undergo other forms of deterioration with age. It is also an excellent conductor of electricity and works for various applications, especially in making electronics. However, if you are thinking about recycling copper, you should understand the different grades available. Here are some details about categories and their respective merits and demerits.

Grade 2 Copper

Grade 2 is the third-best quality of the metal. Grade 2 copper is easy to identify because it appears dirty. It usually comes in unalloyed wires or pipes that still have solder on the surface. The metal might also have a coating of paint on its surface. However, dealers only accept grade 2 copper when it has a minute percentage of other metals and impurities. Typically, they only take the edges and fittings of the metal. They could also accept metal that has suffered oxidation, as long as it hasn't caused extensive damage. It is the least valuable copper grade in the market, which means you will not get paid much for it.

Copper Grade 1

The first grade of copper is the second most costly scrap in the market. The metal should include bits like commutator segments and bus bars. If the buyer allows wire into this category, they are specific about its thickness. Clean copper tubing could also get classified as grade 1 copper, especially when it doesn't have fittings and insulation. The buyer will agree to take the copper with minimal oxidation levels on the surface.

The Shiny and Bright Copper

Bare bright copper has the highest value and is the most sought-after scrap grade in the market. The scrap metal dealers also refer to it as bare bright copper. It is copper that has not gotten alloyed with another material, does not contain coatings, and is not oxidized. It is advisable to strip all samples that you deliver off their insulation and any other material. Once you have stripped the metal, ensure that it does not have any visible signs of damage. The damage that could disqualify your scrap includes tarnishing and oxidation.

These are the main ways the sellers categorize the copper scrap you submit to them for recycling. Knowing the various categories helps get the maximum amount for your copper grade. It also helps sort your scrap metal accordingly for the best scraping experience. 

For more information about copper scrap, contact a local buyer.